Homo Sapiens – Who Are We? 人类-我们是谁?

This week I finished reading “Homo Sapiens”. This bestseller traces the evolutionary history of man from the last 70,000 years to the present time. What was man like when he learned to make fire? When he began to think abstract thoughts? When he cultivated crops and lived in bigger communities? What effect did the emergence of language have on people? Professor Yuval Harari contends it allowed the masses to communicate, and identify themselves with common beliefs. This ultimately allowed people to be ruled by kings, giving rise to ancient empires. These land-based empires rose and fell for the past four millennia until science fuelled discoveries of new lands, and created maritime superpowers that controlled empires across seas. Today, empires have been replaced by nations; we live longer, are greedier, and create borrowed wealth by “trusting the future”. We are not necessarily happier. But we rule the earth!

Our species has become the most “successful” on earth. Yet as we enter the digital and technological revolution, all is not well. Species of plants and animals have become extinct because of our greed. We have polluted rivers and oceans. We have the nuclear capability to destroy ourselves. And although world wars are less likely today than a century ago, history tells us we have not been able to overcome the problem of living together. Greed, consumerism, selfishness, pride, curiosity, and the search for ultimate happiness and immortality will be the reasons why we will keep manufacturing more, consuming more, polluting more, and inventing more without any limits in sight.

We are now on the threshold of becoming “gods”, creating new beings through genetic manipulation, and creating cyborgs that out-think, out-perform and out-anticipate us through the artificial intelligence revolution. What direction will it take? Will we destroy ourselves before we even get that far? Maybe. But whatever our starting point, human history has been divided into two eras: BC and AD. At some point, God joined our journey as a Sapien. Why? Divine wisdom knew all along that we could never save ourselves. So divine grace entered history. That’s the true story of Sapiens. We need help.

这星期,我刚刚阅读完《人类简史》这本书。这本畅销书追查了人类从7万年前至今的进化历史。当人类学习起火时,他们是怎么样的呢?那当他们开始有抽象的想法时,又是怎么样的呢?当他们开始栽培耕种农作,并在更大的社群里生活时又是如何的呢? 语言的崛起对人类又有什么影响呢?尤瓦尔·赫拉(Yuval Harari)教授断言,这允许了群众去沟通并辨认与自己拥有共同信念的人。这最终产生了古代帝国,以皇帝统治人民。这些限于陆地占领的帝国经过了四千年的兴起又衰落,直到科学的进步促使了新土地陆续被发现,并且开启了航海的可能性,让这些帝国成为跨海域的霸主。今天,昔日的帝国已经被国家制度来取代。我们可以活的更长久,同时也变得更贪婪,利用“相信未来”的错觉去挥霍子虚乌有的财富。我们不一定会活得更开心,但我们的确实统治了这地球。

人类在地球已成为最“成功”的。但在我们进入数码和科技革命的同时,事实上一切都不顺利。因着我们的贪婪,各种动植物正面临绝种的危机。我们污染了河流和海洋。我们拥有足以毁灭全人类的核能力。虽然在现代发生世界大战的可能性比起一个世纪前来得低。但历史告诉我们,人类至今还是不能克服如何和平共处的难题。贪婪、消费主义、利己主义、自尊心、好奇心和追寻终极的快乐与长生之道;这些因素促使了我们在没限制的指望下,不断的制造更多、消费更多、污染更多和发明更多。

如今,我们处于想要成为“上帝”的界线。我们想透过操纵基因来创造新生物,并利用人工智能的进步去制造一个能够全面思考,能力超众,且具有强烈预知能力的合体机械人。它会带领我们去到哪个方向呢?我们是否会在还未去到那么远之前就已经被毁灭了呢?有可能。但无论我们是在哪个起点,人类的历史已经被分成两个时代:公元前和公元。在某个时段,上帝参与了我们身为人类的旅程中。为什么呢?上帝神圣的智慧一直都知道,我们永远不能自救。因此,上帝的恩典进入了人类的历史。那就是人类真实的故事。我们需要被帮助。
这就是从众心理。当一群角马因惊慌奔逃时,狮子便有机会将它们一网打尽。所以说,当我们发现我们在盲目地跟风时,就意味着我们是时候停下并想一想了。而那唯一的机会就是在跟随群众之前。一旦我们被牵涉其中,那就已经太迟了。因此,我们必须想一想。上帝呼召我们成为职场上的光和盐。祂要我们在工作上有何与众不同?求问上帝。经过一番深思,祂便会告诉您: “让您的光芒闪耀!”

Ps Dr Philip Lyn 医生牧师

By | 2019-03-20T11:49:55+00:00 March 17th, 2019|Uncategorized|0 Comments